NYK began participating in a new project for the purpose of establishing standards for the safe use of ammonia as a marine fuel.
NYK, in collaboration with major companies worldwide, is taking part in an initiative to conduct safety assessments and establish standards for use of ammonia as a marine fuel, and thus realize the International Maritime Organization (IMO) target to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shipping by at least 50 percent by 2050.
Since carbon dioxide (CO2) is not emitted when ammonia is burned, ammonia is considered to have promise as a next-generation marine fuel that could mitigate shipping impact on climate change. In addition, it is said that zero emissions can be realized by utilizing CO2-free hydrogen as a raw material for ammonia. However, due to the extreme toxicity of ammonia, safety assessments are critical to formulate standards for use of it as a marine fuel.
This project was established to address this issue by carrying out safety assessments involving people, ship assets, and the environment through designing of a concept ship that uses ammonia as marine fuel. Begun in April 2021, the project is being sponsored by Lloyds Register (UK) and the Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping (Denmark), and A. P. Moller-Maersk (Denmark), MAN Energy Solutions (Germany), Total (France), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (Japan), and NYK are participating.